The consortium`s agreement forms are available on the website`s grants forms. Another example is the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), a consortium that standardizes web technologies such as HTML, XML and CSS. In Germany, the prevailing view is that the consortium is a kind of intra-judicial partnership (Article 705-740 BGB). In the field of external relations, the members of the consortium can decide on the joint and several liability that results from the . 421 BGB is regulated, whereas internally there is sometimes an exemption from this liability. Joint ventures often include credit consortia (credit consortia), issuers of securities, mainly shares (issue consortia), construction consortia (construction consortia) and profit pools (result pools). Sometimes, goal partnerships established for the sharing of construction facilities (planning companies) are listed in a category with the consortium and the pool. Cooperation agreements under German law do not constitute a uniform legal nature. There are a wide variety of legal forms of cooperation that could be carefully qualified as consortium agreements. These include a civil partnership in its internal and occasional variants (occasional company), as well as a partnership of construction contractors (ARGE) and a structure simply called a “consortium”.
 In addition, a joint venture is often more relevant when it comes to obtaining project financing and support, since the joint venture is considered the child of the promoters, while in a consortium, the individual members of the team retain their identity and therefore a consortium agreement is not a strong document to ensure such financing. The Big Ten Academic Alliance in the Midwest and Middle Atlantic united States, the Claremont Colleges consortium in Southern California, the Five College Consortium in Massachusetts and the Consércio Nacional Honda are among the oldest and most successful university consortia in the world. [Citation required] The Big Ten Academic Alliance, formerly known as the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, brings together members of the Big Ten Sports Conference. Participants in the five colleges, Inc. are: Amherst College, Hampshire College, Mount Holyoke College, Smith College and University of Massachusetts Amherst. Ohio`s five colleges are another success story: Oberlin College, Ohio Wesleyan University, Kenyon College, College of Wooster and Denison University.